No. 120/19 29-30.06-01.07.2019
A. Turkish Cypriot Press
B. Turkish Press
Turkish Cypriot illegal Bayrak (01.06.19, http://www.brtk.net/taskentte-yangin/) broadcasts that great concern was caused last night in the occupied area of Cyprus after a fire in occupied Vouno village. Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci, who visited the area last night, said that at first, it seemed that the fire had been caused from a fall of an “unmanned flying object” and expressed his satisfaction with the fact that this object had fallen outside the inhabited area (http://www.brtk.net/bolgedeki-savasin-bizim-payimiza-dusen-kotu-sonuclarindan-biri/). Akinci noted that this was one of the bad consequences of the war in our region and denied the information that this was an explosion of ammunition in the occupied area. He added that everybody should exert every effort they could for achieving lasting peace (http://www.brtk.net/taskentte-panik/).
In a post on his social media account, self-styled foreign minister Kudret Ozersay said that he had personally visited the area and examined the parts found there together with experts (http://www.brtk.net/ozersay-itfaiyemizin-calismasiyla-yangin-kontrol-altina-alinmistir/). He said that the findings showed that the explosion had been caused by an aerial vehicle carrying explosives or by a missile. He also noted that the letters on the pieces of the above-mentioned object could help them understand what it was soon.
According to Bayrak (http://www.brtk.net/taskentte-bulunan-parcalar-inceleniyor/) the letters found on the above-mentioned pieces were in the Russian language.
In a second post on his social media account later this morning, Ozersay said that the regime was in contact with Ambassadors to Nicosia of countries which could have information on this issue and added that they would share with the public the information they would obtain (http://www.brtk.net/ozersay-bilgi-sahibi-olabilecek-buyukelcilerle-temastayiz/). According to Ozersay, the first evaluations of the incident refer to a Russian-made missile, which was a part of Syria’s defense system activated during an air attack against the above-mentioned country last night, missed its target, covered its range and fell in the occupied area of Cyprus. He noted that the explosion happened before the missile fell on the ground, something which is verified by the fact that the pieces were scattered in various places.
In statements at the area of the incident, “prime minister” Ersin Tatar said that after his briefing by the commander of the so-called security forces, it seemed that this was not an intentional act and that it was an accident (http://www.brtk.net/basbakan-tatargerekirse-turkiyeden-uzmanlar-gelebilir/). He noted that it is believed that the object was a missile, which fell by accident in the occupied area of Cyprus or exploded in the air. He argued that the incident should not be exaggerated and that similar accidents happened in various places of the world.
Meanwhile, illegal Bayrak cites information by sources from the Syrian army on Syrian Military Capabilities website noting that the object that fell in the area of Vouno village was an S-200 missile fired by the Syrian forces against Israeli jets (http://www.brtk.net/suriye-ordu-kaynaklari-dusen-cisim-s-200-fuze-parcasi/). The Syrian sources warned that after an explosion of such a missile, very dangerous poison could spread to the area.
According to the “police” of the regime (http://www.brtk.net/toplamda-5-parca-bulundu/), five pieces of the object which had fallen last night in the occupied area of Cyprus were found. Noting that it is believed that this object was a missile, the statement said that the main body of the missile fell on the mountains of Vouno village, that another piece fell one kilometer far from the main body, one piece in the garden of a house in occupied Dikomo and two pieces in occupied Kornokipos village.
Turkish Cypriot newspaper Yeni Düzen (01.07.19, http://www.yeniduzen.com/dikmende-bazi-evler-bosaltildi-116460h.htm) reports that houses were evacuated in Vouno and Dikomo villages, adding that experts from Turkey would come to assist the “authorities” of the breakaway regime.
Tufan Erhurman, chairman of the Republican Turkish Party (CTP), also visited the area this morning (http://www.brtk.net/erhurmansiyasi-aktorler-bolge-barisini-saglamali/). In his statements, Erhurman noted that, as it was said, the fall of the missile was a result of the conflict between Syria and Israel and added that no one could feel safe as long as peace was not secured in the area.
Finally, according to illegal Bayrak (01.07.19, http://www.brtk.net/?english_posts=unidentified-object-confirmed-as-stray-missile), the “government” confirmed today that the unidentified object that crashed in an area near occupied Vouno was indeed a stray S-200 missile.
Speaking after an emergency “cabinet” meeting, Tatar said that there was no need for panic or alarm. The meeting was also attended by the commander of the so-called security forces Brigadier General Tevfik Algan and commander of the Turkish occupation army, Major General Yılmaz Yildirim.
Tatar reassured the public that there was no poisonous gas or chemicals in the missile. “We have been assured by our military authorities that the missile does not pose a health threat,” he said. Tatar also argued that there was no need to blow the incident out of proportion or spread false reports that such an incident could occur again. “This was an accident and a mistake. It could happen as a coincidence,” he reiterated.
In his statements, Ozersay gave information about the S-200 missiles. He reiterated that he had met with ambassadors of several countries stationed in the Republic of Cyprus and that the information they had received overlapped with their own findings.
He said that the missile was a stray Russian-made S-200 fired in response to Israeli missile attacks and added: “A similar missile had fallen in Gaziantep in 2018. The writings on that missile and on the object that crashed in the TRNC are the same. Our initial findings confirm that this is an S-200 missile. This is an important incident but there is no need to panic”.
Finally, Ozersay urged Israel and neighboring countries to exercise calm and to refrain from actions that could pose a danger to lives and property.
Illegal Bayrak (01.07.19 http://www.brtk.net/?english_posts=ozersay-on-maras-issue) reports that “deputy prime minister, foreign minister” Kudret Özersay has said that “the Greek Cypriot leadership is not our interlocutor” in response to President Anastasiades’ proposal to set up a technical committee on Varosha.
Özersay made statements to the Turkish Cypriot News Agency (TAK) on Varosha issue yesterday.
He claimed that the Greek Cypriot leadership, which is asking for the establishment of a joint committee on Varosha, did not even respond to the Turkish Cypriot side’s proposal on establishing a joint committee on natural gas, which the Turkish Cypriot community has rights over.
“Varosha is not a part of comprehensive settlement talks nor is it part of the confidence-building measures process. If the negotiations process had been underway, Varosha could have been taken up by the two sides as part of the talks. On the other hand, Varosha had been taken up as a confidence building measure in the past many times but failed to reach an agreement” Özersay added.
He also claimed there is no need to repeat the failed processes and added “because such approaches can only assist the continuation of the status quo.”
“The inventory study on one of the primary symbols of the status quo, will take a snap shot of the situation in the fenced-off city, which then the Turkish Cypriot side will use as its basis for the next steps. It is for this reason that the Greek Cypriot side is not our interlocutor but the former residents of Maraş are no doubt one of the stakeholders and they will not be ostracized from the process” Özersay claimed.
He added the “TRNC government will take steps by taking international law and the expectations and the rights of the former residents of Varosha and the Evkaf Administration into consideration”.
“However we are conducting a scientific survey before doing so,” Özersay said.
He also noted it will be wrong to reduce the Varosha issue to who owned which immovable property and when. “Looking at the steps to be taken on Maraş as property ownership would mean missing out on the bigger picture. The issue is beyond property or proprietorship” Özersay added.
Illegal Bayrak (29.06.19 http://www.brtk.net/?english_posts=fm-ozersay-discusses-maras-with-magusa-initiative) reports that “deputy prime minister and foreign minister” Kudret Özeray met with representatives of the Famagusta Initiative on Friday “to exchange views on the government’s plans concerning the closed city of Varosha”.
“Ozersay has been meeting throughout the week with leaders of the political parties in so-called parliament, former presidents and Mustafa Akıncı with the aim of informing and exchanging views with stakeholders and political actors in the country on the government’s Varosha initiative” according to illegal Bayrak.
“We had the opportunity this afternoon to meet with members of the Famagusra Initiative which is one of the stakeholders on the issue, to convey our views, to explain the steps we plan to take and to answer questions they might have. I believe that we understand each other better today than we did yesterday and that we have established a good communication,” Ozersay posted in social media after the meeting.
Turkish Cypriot daily Yeni Duzen (30.06.19) reports that the Turkish Cypriot lawyer Murat Metin Hakki, in an interview to the paper regarding the occupied fenced-off town of Varosha, said that the 1974 land registry books are those that should be taken as a basis for Varosha, adding that the claims that Varosha is an Evkaf property are not serious.
Hakki further noted: “According to international law, the 1974 land registry books should be taken as basis. Other claims are legally groundless. In 1956, Evkaf was transferred from the British to the Turkish leadership. The 1963 incidents led to the expulsion of Turkish Cypriots from many authorities, but the judiciary continued to be bi-communal until 1966. In 1965, Makarios even appointed Zeka Bey [Mehmet Zekia] as the Chief Justice of the whole island. (…) A large part of the original title deed records are available. When we look at the origins of these land registry books, especially in 1913, it seems that most of the property belongs to foundation [vakif] properties. (…) Regarding this foundation properties, it was possible to exchange one property with another or to exchange it for money. (…) The star of Varosha shined between 1960-1974. An important issue that should not be forgotten in this matter is that if there was an irregularity regarding the properties of the foundation (Vakif), there was a limitation period. So, if there was a mistake, if a foundation property was unjustly passed to someone else, if the British did so, as it is claimed, the limitation period is 36 years. In other words, if there was an irregularity in 1925, the limitation period would expire in 1961. (…) When the foundation agreements were held in 1960, a payment of 1.5 million sterling was made to our community leaders and to the foundation organization, which was then called the High Council of Evkaf (foundations) to be used for the purposes of education and the development of the Evkaf properties. As a result of this payment, the communal leaders in the future would not make any financial claims or in any other context in connection with the Cyprus administration, against the British government, the colonial government or the new Cyprus state government. So, this means that if there was an irregularity, we were disengaged of this. (…)”
Turkish Cypriot daily Afrika (01.07.19) reports that the Turkish Cypriot journalist’s union has sent a letter to so-called deputy prime minister and “foreign minister” Kudret Ozersay, asking for the fenced off city of Varoshia to open for them in order to be able to take photos and make reportage.
The union asked also in the letter for a permit in order to organize a “press meeting” in the fenced off city of Varosha, in order to cover in detail the issue of the possible opening of the city, an issue which has attracted international interest.
Turkish Cypriot daily Gunes (01.07.19) reports that so-called prime minister Ersin Tatar, speaking during the opening ceremony of the 3rd real estate agents’ seminar, claimed, inter alia, that they will continue strengthening the “TRNC” and alleged that as long as the “TRNC’s economy” continues to grow, the “estates, properties, houses, apartments and all kinds of investments will increase their values. Continue investing in the TRNC. Delete from your literature the reference on Turkish property and Greek property. This is the TRNC. There is a state behind you and there is the Turkish nation. The title deeds in the TRNC are title deeds of the state and thus these state title deeds will continue to be valid forever”, Tatar argued.
Referring to the fenced off city of Varosha, Tatar alleged that it is a property belonging to them and specifically to Evkaf foundation. He further called on the Turkish investors to continue investing in the “TRNC”.
The paper writes that investors and real estate agents from Mersin were also attending the seminar which was co-organized by the “Turkish Cypriot’s real estate agents” and the “Real estate’s chamber of Mersin”
Illgal Bayrak (01.07.19 http://www.brtk.net/?english_posts=tore-speaks-in-skopje) broadcast that self-styled deputy speaker of parliament Zorlu Töre addressed the 5th International Social Sciences Congress held at the International Balkan University in Skopje, under the auspices of the Speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly Mustafa Şentop.
According to a written statement issued by the “assembly”, Töre who delivered an opening speech at the congress which was attended by 600 social scientists and academics from different countries, claimed that “although the TRNC was only recognized by motherland Turkey, it attended many international meetings and had strong ties with many countries”.
Töre said that “the TRNC had commercial, social, cultural and economic relations with Turkey, but was subjected to serious embargoes and restrictions in the field of sports and in other areas such as diplomacy”.
“The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is continuing on its way. We were a partner within the 1960 Republic of Cyprus however we were kicked out. Despite the fact that the Greek Cypriots withdrew from the Treaty of Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus they continued to occupy the so-called partnership republic, became members of the EU and the UN. This is the biggest injustice to us by the world” Töre alleged.
Töre also claimed that Turkish Cypriots had created their own homeland and state as a result of the Greek Cypriots’ actions.
“Even if our state is not recognized internationally it is a place which safeguards the national identity of the Turkish Cypriot people. We are a separate state and we only trust Turkey” he added.
Stating that the international community’s stance should be approached from a sociological perspective, Töre said: “If they recognized seven separate republics after the Former Yugoslavia broke up then why do they not do the same in Cyprus? This should be examined seriously. The UN is not fair. The EU by unilaterally accepting the Greek Cypriots as a member is also not fair”, he claimed.
Illegal Bayrak (29.06.19 http://www.brtk.net/?english_posts=ktbb-delegation-attends-coe-meeting-in-stuttgart) reports that a delegation of the “Turkish Cypriot Municipalities Union” (KTBB) attended the meeting of the Current Affairs Committee of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe which convened in Stuttgart, Germany.
The meeting was attended by “deputy president” of KTBB and Mayor of the occupied part of Lefkosia Mehmet Harmancı and other so-called mayors.
Illegal Bayrak (29.06.19 http://www.brtk.net/?english_posts=police-force-celebrating-its-55th-anniversary) reports that self-styled prime minister Ersin Tatar met with a delegation of the so-called policy in the breakaways regime which “celebrated its anniversary of establishment”.
During the meeting Tatar stated that “the police force needed to hire new officers in parallel to the increase in the country’s population so as to be able to ensure the public’s safety and security”.
Turkish Yeni Safak (01.07.19. https://www.yenisafak.com/dunya/pazarlikta-cetin-olmayi-severim-3496898 ) reports that the Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan stated that he met while in Osaka Japan for the G20 meetings with the French President Emmanuel Macron.
Asked by journalists how his meeting with Macron went , after Erdogan’s harsh statements towards the French President, not to intervene with Cyprus, Erdogan said that his meeting with Macron in Japan was very positive. “Macron did not say ‘why you stated those things’. I told him in person in our bilateral discussion: Look, I said. You cannot talk on the Cyprus problem. You have nothing to do with Cyprus. I can talk, Greece can talk, the European Union can talk but you cannot” he added.
Turkish Daily Sabah (29.06.19 https://www.dailysabah.com/diplomacy/2019/07/01/trump-sides-with-turkey-on-s-400-f-35-issue) reports that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan addressed accompanying Turkish journalists in Osaka, Japan.
U.S. President Donald Trump welcomes Turkey's stance on the purchase of S-400 missiles as well as the F-35 issue, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said, hinting that with these warm talks, the relations between the two countries may actually enter into a new, positive period. "We had talks with President Trump in a very positive atmosphere," Erdoğan said, during a meeting with journalists in Japan where he went to attend the G20 summit and held many side meetings with various world leaders, including Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin. "[Trump] supports us on the S-400 and F-35 issues. He made it clear in front of the press that they are looking for different options when it comes to the sanctions," Erdoğan said , giving an insight into Trump's opinions over the current developments that are affecting Turkish-U.S. relations.
In his meeting with Erdoğan on Saturday on the side-lines of the G20 summit, Trump slammed the Obama administration's reluctance to sell Patriot missiles to Turkey in 2013, saying Turkey was not treated fairly as a NATO member. "So I have to tell you, he [Erdoğan] is a NATO member and he is somebody I have become friendly with. And you have to treat fairly. You understand that? You have to treat fairly. I don't think he was treated fairly. I don't think he was treated fairly," Trump added, giving a clear sign that his administration will not seek the path of sanctions and avoid an unfair treatment of Turkey in the ongoing S-400 and F-35 tensions. He said his administration would be looking at different solutions regarding the issues.
Referring to Trump's personality, Erdoğan said that he respects the U.S. President's clear and precise expressions on these critical issues. "While expressing some things, Trump does not have a hidden agenda on his mind," the president said, adding that this is a very unique feature of Trump, especially when considering that he has many opponents within his team over many issues.
Erdoğan also said that Trump accused the Obama administration for the misconduct regarding the Patriots, saying that in Trump's opinion if he [former U.S. President Barrack Obama] was to give Patriots to Turkey, things would not have come to this point. When asked about Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) or other sanctions against Turkey, Trump, first, severely criticized the unfair treatment of Turkey by the Obama administration and said "we are looking at it, but it's [sanctions] a two-way street."
"They [Obama administration] wouldn't sell him [Erdoğan], they wouldn't let him buy the missile he wanted to buy which is the Patriot. And after he buys something else, they say now we will sell you the Patriot," Trump said.
The president added that in Trump's opinion, the U.S. should be treating Turkey fairly right now. Touching upon Trump's further remarks on the issue, Erdoğan said that the U.S. president told him that he does not like the U.S. to be known as a country that does not provide products to a country that has made its payments already, reminding that Turkey has paid $1.4 billion to the U.S. for the F-35s. "We've made our payment but they do not deliver our purchase to us," Erdoğan said, adding that this is not the right way for a trader to act to its costumer.
"We've appointed our friends to take special interest over this issue," he further said. "We've so far made payment that is worth $1.4 billion and the war plane number that we will purchase is 100 plus 16. Meaning that the total number is 116," the president stated.
"We are already on our way [on the S-400 issue]. Within a week, maximum in 10 days, the first series [of S-400 missiles] will be delivered. I've made this clear to Trump myself and Putin also said this to him," he expressed.
Recalling that technologically an S-400 is worth three Patriots, Erdoğan said that despite these facts, Turkey is ready to see the terms and even if the terms are equal with the S-400 deal, the country is ready to purchase the Patriots as well. "However, if they are not equal, I'm sorry but if you [the U.S.] are taking your own interests into consideration, then we'll prioritize our interests as well," he underlined.
Underlining that Trump has said nothing about the sanctions so far, Erdoğan said that Trump has clearly said "you're right" to him on the subject. "We've brought this issue to a much further level," the president added. "In this further level, Mr. Trump said that 'this is unfairness.'" "This is a very important thing," the president emphasized.
"People should not talk on the S-400 subject randomly anymore since Trump has made his stance clear with these talks," Erdoğan added. Erdoğan also reminded the media that the trilateral talks between him Trump and Putin were also very positive as well as the bilateral one between Trump and Putin when it comes to the S-400 and F-35 issues.
"I believe that we will get over this issue without major troubles," the president underlined, indicating that Trump's upcoming visit to Turkey will also contribute to these positive talks.
When it comes to the escalating violence in Idlib, Syria, Erdoğan said that although Russia also has an impact in the region, the Assad regime is behind every attack.
"We [as Turkey] say that [Russian President Vladimir] Putin should warn the regime on these issues," he said.
Pointing to the recent attack on a Turkish observation post where a Turkish soldier was killed, Erdoğan said that if similar wrongdoings occur in the upcoming period, Turkey would continue to do what is necessary as it did before.
"Today, one of the major issues that we highly prioritize is the sign that 300,000 people are moving toward our border. We desire to put an end to this movement. Until now, 330,000 people have returned to Syria. While we were hoping for more to return, if such a move toward Turkey occurs because of Idlib, then there is a problem," Erdoğan said, implying that all of Turkey's efforts to enable refugees to return to their hometowns would be wasted.
Mentioning Turkey's plans on a possible safe zone, Erdoğan said that they desire a living space where there are houses with gardens that are built in accordance with the local, traditional architecture, where people can do agricultural work as well as breed livestock. "When you take a step in such a direction, you save these people [refugees] from container cities and shelters," he said, adding that if necessary, there might also be an organized industrial site and vocational training for refugees in that respect. The president also indicated that if such a project is realized, then the initial 20-mile zone that was planned might be expanded to 30-40 miles. He added that he has called on U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to take the lead on such a project.
Noting that such a place will be somewhere that people will come to find peace, Erdoğan said that to provide that peaceful environment, coalition forces would have to take necessary measures to ensure security.
"I'll be pursuing this project," Erdoğan said, indicating his determination to make it real and the importance of the project itself. A 20-mile-deep safe zone between the northern Syrian towns of Jarablus and al-Rai has been mentioned several times since 2012 by Erdoğan, who has maintained that the terror-free safe zone to be established in Syria's north must be based on the country's territorial integrity. However, the plan did not come to fruition at the time. The details of the safe zone need to be ironed out, yet, one thing is clear: Turkey is firmly against the presence of the YPG in the region.
As far as the situation in Manbij is concerned, Erdoğan said the U.S. is yet to fulfill a promise made over the province.
Turkish daily Yeni Safak (30.06.19 https://www.yenisafak.com/en/news/turkey-ready-to-confront-hostilities-in-libya-official-3484502) reports that Turkey has taken all measures against possible hostile moves or threats, the country’s minister of national defense said on Sunday, referring to threats by the spokesman of Khalifa Haftar’s forces in Libya.
"The price of hostile attitudes or attacks will be heavy, they will be responded with the most efficient and hard manner," Hulusi Akar told Anadolu Agency in Osaka city of Japan, where he was part of the Turkish president’s delegation in the G20 Leaders’ Summit.
Akar said that Turkey focused on Libya's territorial integrity, sovereignty, people's peace and happiness and the national consensus spirit in the country; however, it would not turn a blind eye towards threats.
The Minister of national defense emphasized that Turkey would always be part of peace and stability efforts in line with international law to resolve disputes between conflicting elements of Libya.
Earlier on Friday, Haftar's spokesman Ahmed al-Mismari announced a ban on commercial flights from Libya to Turkey and ordered his forces to attack Turkish ships and interests in the country.
In addition, Ankara Anatolia (30.06.19 https://www.aa.com.tr/en/africa/turkey-committed-to-protecting-its-citizens-worldwide/1519876_ reports that Turkey’s presidential spokesman slammed early Monday the illegal detention of six Turkish citizens by East Libya-based commander Khalifa Haftar forces.
"Detention of 6 Turkish citizens by Haftar's illegal militia in Libya is an act of banditry and piracy. We expect our citizens to be released immediately," Ibrahim Kalin wrote on Twitter. He added that otherwise, Haftar elements will become "legitimate targets".
Turkish Daily Sabah (01.07.19 https://www.dailysabah.com/diplomacy/2019/06/28/senate-confirms-david-satterfield-as-new-us-ambassador-to-turkey) reports that the U.S. Senate on Friday confirmed President Donald Trump's nominee, David Satterfield, as the next U.S. ambassador to Turkey, filling the spot that had been vacant since 2017.
Satterfield has been the acting assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern Affairs since 2017. He has previously served as the deputy U.S. chief of mission in Iraq, ambassador to Lebanon, director for Near Eastern affairs on the National Security Council, as well as in Syria, Tunisia and Saudi Arabia.
John Bass was the last serving American ambassador to Ankara from 2014 to 2017.
Bass, who is assuming the office of the U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, left Turkey in October 2017 amid a visa crisis between Washington and Ankara.
The U.S. Embassy in Ankara first announced that it had suspended non-immigrant visa services at all diplomatic facilities in Turkey. In response, Turkey's Washington Embassy also suspended non-immigrant visa services in the U.S. citing security concerns.
The decision came after Turkish national Metin Topuz, confirmed by the U.S. Istanbul Consulate as a local employee, was remanded in custody over terror charges by an Istanbul court. Topuz was suspected to be linked to the Gülenist Terror Group (FETÖ), which is behind the defeated coup attempt, according to a judicial source.
Turkish portal Turkihs Minute (30.06.19 https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/30/former-pm-davutoglu-calls-on-akp-to-reassess-values-after-istanbul-defeat/) reports that Former Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu called on ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) management to reassess its values after a stunning defeat in a mayoral election İstanbul, the Diken news website reported.
Speaking at a political convention in southeastern Elazığ province, Davutoğlu said his former party’s abandonment of its founding principles caused its loss in the İstanbul election by some 800,000 votes (9%).
The AKP has lost elections in İstanbul twice, once in the regular local elections on March 31 and once in a repeat election on June 23.
He also recalled that the AKP had garnered some 49.5 percent of the vote in a general election in November 2015 but said the party’s support had now plunged to less than 34 percent.
Without mentioning names, Davutoğlu also criticized the appointment of Berat Albayrak, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s son-in-law, as finance minister. “Affairs of state should be separated from the family,” he said. Finally he criticized the executive presidential system, which was adopted in a narrowly backed referendum in 2017.
The former Prime Minister started criticizing his old party before the İstanbul election, signaling his intent to establish a new party.
TURKISH AFFAIRS SECTION