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06-05-2021 12:59

Consumer Price Index (CPI): April 2021 (Inflation 1,6%)

In April 2021, the Consumer Price Index increased by 0,82 units and reached 101,43 units compared to 101,61 units in March 2021. In April 2021, the inflation increased by 1,6%. (Table 1)

For the period January – April 2021, the CPI decreased by 0,7% compared to the corresponding period of the previous year.

As regards the economic origin, the largest change when compared to the index of April 2020 was recorded in Petroleum products (15,1%) In comparison to the index of the previous month, the largest change was monitored in Electricity (10,5%).  (Table 2)

Analysis of percentage changes

Compared to April 2020, the largest changes were monitored in the categories Transport (8,3%) and Clothing and Footwear (3,9%). (Table 1)

In comparison to the CPI of the previous month, the largest changes were noted in Clothing and Footwear (4,0%) and Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels (3,0%). (Table 1)

For the period January – April 2021, compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, the largest changes were recorded in Communication (-3,8%), Food and non-Alcoholic Beverages (-3,0%) and Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels (-2,9%). (Table 1)

Analysis of effects in units

Compared to the Index of April 2020, the category Transport (1,16) had the largest effect on the change of the CPI. (Table 3)

The categories Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels (0,36) and Clothing and Footwear (0,29) had the largest effect on the change of the CPI compared to the previous month. (Table 3)

Petroleum products(1,02)had the most notable effect on the change of the CPI of April 2021 compared to April 2020. (Table 4)

Finally, electricity (0,34) and petroleum products (0,18) had the largest effect on the change of the CPI of April 2021 compared to the previous month. (Table 5)

Table 1

 

Categories of Goods and

Services

CPI (2015=100)

Change (%)

 

March     2021

April    2021

Apr 21/ Apr 20

Apr 21/ Mar 21

Jan- Apr 21/

Jan- Apr 20

 

Food and Non-Alcoholic

Beverages

99,92

99,59

-0,82

-0,33

-3,03

Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco

97,51

97,60

-0,33

0,09

-0,55

Clothing and Footwear

99,77

103,75

3,86

3,99

2,03

Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels

106,49

109,68

2,61

3,00

-2,89

Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House

95,29

95,06

-0,71

-0,24

-0,54

Health

102,61

102,66

0,69

0,05

0,52

Transport

97,88

98,95

8,32

1,09

1,01

Communication

91,48

91,48

-3,26

0,00

-3,77

Recreation and Culture

102,05

102,25

2,20

0,20

2,12

Education

106,76

106,76

-0,03

0,00

-0,03

Restaurants and Hotels

104,97

105,06

-0,44

0,09

-0,16

Miscellaneous Goods and Services

100,40

101,25

0,98

0,85

0,81

General Consumer Price Index

100,61

101,43

1,61

0,82

-0,66

                     

 

 

Table 2

Economic Origin

Weights

Change (%)

Apr 21/ Apr 20

Apr 21/ Mar 21

Agricultural goods

655

-0,50

0,58

Industrial goods (excl. petroleum products)

4195

0,57

0,61

Electricity

319

2,53

10,46

Petroleum products

550

15,10

2,04

Water

57

0,00

0,00

Services

4224

0,55

0,10

General Index

10000

1,61

0,82

 

Table 3

Categories of Goods and Services

Weights

Effect (units)

Apr 21/ Apr 20

Apr 21/ Mar 21

Food and non-Alcoholic Beverages

1906

-0,16

-0,06

Alcoholic Beverages, Tobacco

347

-0,01

0,00

Clothing and Footwear

721

0,28

0,29

Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels

1119

0,31

0,36

Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House

644

-0,04

-0,01

Health

637

0,04

0,00

Transport

1524

1,16

0,16

Communication

439

-0,14

0,00

Recreation and Culture

575

0,13

0,01

Education

392

0,00

0,00

Restaurants and Hotels

836

-0,04

0,01

Miscellaneous Goods and Services

860

0,08

0,07

General Consumer Price Index

10000

1,61

0,82

 


Note:
Totals are calculated on the basis of the effects of the categories with infinite decimal figures and rounded up to two decimals when published. Figures June not add to totals due to rounding error.

Table 4

Goods/Services

Effect (units)

Apr 21/ Apr20

Positive effect

 

Petroleum products

1,02

Fresh fruits

0,27

Clothing

0,14

Footwear

0,14

Other goods and services

0,04

TOTAL

1,61

 

Goods/Services

Effect (units)

Apr 21/ Mar21

Positive effect

 

   Electricity

0,34

   Petroleum products

0,18

   Footwear

0,16

   Clothing

0,13

Other goods and services

0,01

TOTAL

0,82

Methodological Notes

Definitions

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is compiled to measure the changes of prices over time of consumer goods and services acquired, used or paid by households. Specifically, the national CPI of Cyprus covers the consumption expenses of specific goods and services (shopping basket of goods and services), of the resident households and of the households that intend to live in Cyprus for at least one year. CPI is the official index for the estimation of inflation.

The Inflation shows the change of the CPI when compared with the index of the corresponding month of the previous year.

The Effect represents the amount of the overall change in the General Index which is accounted for by any given category.

Collection

The price collection is carried out only in urban districts of Lefkosia, Larnaka, Lemesos and Pafos. For each city, the fluctuations in the product prices each month, are weighted according to their population. Specifically, the weights for the four districts are: Lefkosia 42%, Lemesos 30%, Larnaka 18% and Pafos 10%.

The prices of 805 goods and services are recorded once every month, except for some seasonal products (e.g vegetables and fruits), meat and fuels, whose prices are collected every week (every Thursday).

Base year

The index reference period was 2005=100 for the period between January 2006 and January 2015. From January 2016 and onwards, the base year is 2015=100.

Classification                                                                                          

Until January 2015, COICOP 4 classification was used for the calculation and the dissemination of the CPI. From January 2016 and onwards, CYSTAT is adopting the ECOICOP classification satisfying relevant Eurostat’s Regulation. In other words, the lowest level of detail for the classification used in CPI is COICOP 5-digits.

Products/Services and weights

From January 2018 and onwards, the products included in the CPI as well as their corresponding weights have been revised. The revision was based on the results of the Household Budget Survey 2015/2016.

Exceptional Methodological Adjustment

The implementation of precautionary measures and relevant decrees to address the negative consequences of COVID-19 disease had a direct impact on the price collection process of certain goods/services for the month of April 2021. As the problems anticipated were common to all Member States of the European Union, they were tackled by applying the same methodologies under the supervision and guidance of the European Statistical Office (Eurostat).

Missing Prices

In cases where products/goods were not available for consumption, the following practices were followed:

  • Missing prices were imputed by the price change of other products or services in the same subcategory,

Seasonal Products/Services

The missing airfares along with the missing prices for hotel accommodation were estimated by carrying forward previous’ month prices adjusted with the seasonal factor recorded last year, during the respective month.

Weights

The weights of goods and services in the CPI basket have not been adjusted.

Further information:

Statistical Service (CYSTAT) Website, subtheme Consumer Price Index

Contact

Constandia Papageorgiou: Tel: +35722602116, Email: cpapageorgiou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

Andri Eftychiou: Τel: +35725878595, Email: aeftychiou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

 

(IK/ECHR)