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11-06-2021 14:20

Labour Force Survey (LFS): 1st quarter 2021

Unemployment 8,6%

According to the results of the Labour Force Survey, the labour force in the 1st quarter of 2021 amounted to 453.638 persons or 62,2% of the population (males 69,0%, females 55,9%) in comparison to 449.861 persons (62,5%) in the corresponding quarter of 2020 (Table 1).

The number of employed persons was 414.668 and the employment rate 56,8% (males 62,9%, females 51,2%) in comparison to 417.057 persons (57,9%) in the corresponding quarter of 2020.

The number of unemployed persons amounted to 38.970 and the unemployment rate to 8,6% of the labour force (males 8,8%, females 8,3%) in comparison to 32.803 persons (7,3%) in the corresponding quarter of 2020.

 

Employment (Table 2)

For the age group 20-64, the employment rate was 73,5%. The rate for males was 79,7% and for females 67,7%. In the corresponding quarter of 2020, the rate was 75,1% (males 80,6%, females 69,9%). For the age group 55-64 the employment rate was 60,1% in comparison to 59,5% in the corresponding quarter of 2020.

According to the distribution of employment by sector, the biggest percentage of employed persons was in Services (77,3%), followed by Manufacturing (19,3%) and Agriculture (3,4%). For the 1st quarter of 2020, the corresponding percentages were: Services 78,3%, Manufacturing 19,1% and Agriculture 2,6%.

The share of part-time employment to total employment was 12,3% or 50.983 persons (males 10,8%, females 14,0%). The corresponding rate for the 1st quarter of 2020 was 11,4% (males 7,8%, females 15,5%).

87,5% or 362.983 of the total employed persons were employees, of which 13,2% (48.026 persons) had a temporary job. In the corresponding quarter of 2020 employees accounted for 85,5% of total employment of which 13,4% had a temporary job.

Unemployment (Table 3)

For young persons aged 15-24 years old, the unemployment rate was 19,5% of the labour force of the same age group (males 25,3%, females 12,8%) in comparison to 14,5% (males 15,9%, females 13,3%) in the corresponding quarter of last year.

As far as the duration of unemployment is concerned, 42,4% of the total unemployed persons searched for a job for a period of less than six months, 25,3% for a period of 6-11 months, whereas a percentage of 32,3% were long-term unemployed. The corresponding rates for the 1st quarter of 2020 were 57,9%, 13,9% and 28,2%.

Table 1

 

 

 

 

Number

 

Percentage (%)

 1st Quarter 2021

1st Quarter 2020

 

1st Quarter 2021

1st Quarter 2020

Labour Force

 

 

 

 

 

Total

453.638

449.861

 

62,2

62,5

Males

241.813

237.120

 

69,0

68,3

Females

211.825

212.740

 

55,9

57,1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employment

 

 

 

 

 

Total

414.668

417.057

 

56,8

57,9

Males

220.456

220.256

 

62,9

63,4

Females

194.212

196.801

 

51,2

52,8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unemployment

 

 

 

 

 

Total

38.970

32.803

 

8,6

7,3

Males

21.357

16.864

 

8,8

7,1

Females

17.613

15.939

 

8,3

7,5

 

Table 2

 

Employment

Number

 

Percentage (%)

 

1st Quarter 2021

1st Quarter 2020

 

1st Quarter 2021

1st Quarter 2020

 

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

 

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

 

Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15+

414.668

220.456

194.213

417.057

220.256

196.801

 

56,8

62,9

51,2

57,9

63,4

52,8

 

20–64

397.484

207.134

190.351

401.652

209.419

192.232

 

73,5

79,7

67,7

75,1

80,6

69,9

 

55–64

63.983

38.099

25.885

62.586

36.652

25.933

 

60,1

72,8

47,8

59,5

71,0

48,4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agriculture

14.227

11.091

3.136

11.020

7.787

3.233

 

3,4

5,0

1,6

2,6

3,5

1,7

 

Industry

80.003

65.308

14.695

79.556

65.918

13.638

 

19,3

29,6

7,6

19,1

29,9

6,9

 

Services

320.438

144.057

176.381

326.479

146.551

179.931

 

77,3

65,3

90,8

78,3

66,6

91,4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Full-time

363.685

196.588

167.097

369.376

203.148

166.228

 

87,7

89,2

86,0

88,6

92,2

84,5

 

Part-time

50.983

23.868

27.115

47.681

17.109

30.572

 

12,3

10,8

14,0

11,4

7,8

15,5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prof. Status

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self-employed

51.686

34.706

16.980

60.467

38.317

22.149

 

12,5

15,7

8,7

14,5

17,4

11,3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

362.983

185.751

177.232

356.590

181.939

174.652

 

87,5

84,3

91,3

85,5

82,6

88,7

 

Permanent

314.956

169.155

145.801

308.952

166.206

142.747

 

86,8

91,1

82,3

86,6

91,3

81,7

 

Temporary

48.026

16.595

31.431

47.638

15.733

31.905

 

13,2

8,9

17,7

13,4

8,7

18,3

 

 

Table 3

Unemployment

Number

 

Percentage (%)

1st Quarter 2021

1st Quarter 2020

 

1st Quarter 2021

1st Quarter 2020

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

 

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15+

38.970

21.357

17.613

32.803

16.864

15.939

 

8,6

8,8

8,3

7,3

7,1

7,5

15–24

7.471

5.187

2.284

4.985

2.564

2.421

 

19,5

25,3

12,8

14,5

15,9

13,3

25–64

31.381

16.098

15.283

27.566

14.048

13.519

 

7,8

7,7

8,0

6,8

6,6

7,1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Duration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

< 6 μήνες

16.501

9.209

7.292

18.996

9.227

9.771

 

42,4

43,1

41,4

57,9

54,7

61,3

6–11 μήνες

9.866

5.142

4.724

4.573

2.266

2.307

 

25,3

24,1

26,8

13,9

13,4

14,5

12+ μήνες

12.602

7.005

5.597

9.233

5.371

3.862

 

32,3

32,8

31,8

28,2

31,9

24,2

Note: Figures may not add up to totals due to rounding error.

 

METHODOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Survey Identity

The Labour Force survey (LFS) is conducted in all European Union member states in accordance with the Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council, every quarter. The aim of the survey is the collection of data which are useful in the formulation of policy on labour matters (employment, unemployment) and for pursuing and evaluating of the programs that are applied both by the Government and by the European Union.

Coverage and collection of data

The LFS covers a sample of 3.800 households in all districts of Cyprus, which are allocated according to the number of households that reside in urban and rural areas. For comparability of the results, in all member states, the survey covers the population of private households only. It does not cover persons residing in collective households (i.e. institutions, homes for the aged, hospitals, monasteries etc.), conscripts on compulsory military service, students who study abroad and Cypriots who work abroad.

The collection of data from the Statistical Service is done with personal interviews and the use of portable computers as well as with telephone interviews.

Definitions

Labour Force / Economically Active Population – The total number of the employed and unemployed persons aged 15 years and over.

Employed – Persons aged 15 years and over who during the reference week worked for at least one hour, as well as persons who had a job but were temporarily absent from work.

Unemployed – Persons aged 15 years and over who comply to the following standards:

• Neither worked nor had a job from which they were temporarily absent during the reference week.

• They had actively sought for work, i.e. had taken specific steps during the previous four weeks to find work.

• They were available to start work within the two weeks following the reference week.

And or,

• Persons who neither worked nor had a job from which they were temporarily absent, but found a job which will start within a period of at most three months.

• They were available to start work within the two weeks following the reference week.

Long-term unemployed – Persons aged 15 years and over who searched for work for a period of 12 months or more.

Inactive – Persons aged 15 years and over who are neither employed nor unemployed.

Labour Force participation rate – The number of persons in the Labour Force for any group expressed as a percentage of the total population in the same group.

Employment rate – The number of employed persons for any group expressed as a percentage of the total population in the same group.

Unemployment rate – The number of unemployed persons of any group expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the same group. 

Further information:

Statistical Service (CYSTAT) Website, subthemes Employment and Unemployment

Contact

Maria Hadjiprokopi: Τel.: +35722602146, Email: mhadjiprokopi@cystat.mof.gov.cy

Eleni Christodoulidou: Tel.: +35722602142, Email: echristodoulidou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

(MG/SCH)