Recent News

Press Releases

17-09-2021 13:39

Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices: August 2021

In August 2021 the Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) increased by 3,3% when compared to the index of August 2020 while, when compared to the index of July 2021, the HICP increased by 1,4%. For the period January - August 2021 the HICP recorded an increase of 1,2% compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. (Table 1)

Note: The HICP in Euro area for the last month is based on EUROSTAT’s estimation (flash estimate).

Compared to August 2020, the largest changes were noted in Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels and Transport with percentages of 15,2% and 9,2% respectively. (Table 1)

Compared to July 2021, the largest change was recorded in Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages with a percentage of 5,4%. (Table 1)

For the period January – August 2021, compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, the largest change was noted in Transport (6,0%). (Table 1)

As regards the economic origin, the largest change when compared to the index of August 2020 was observed in Energy with a percentage of 26,0%. When compared to the index of the previous month, the largest change was monitored in category Food, Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco with a percentage of 3,8%. (Table 2)

Table 1

Categories of Goods and Services

HICP (2015=100)

Change (%)

July

2021

August

2021

Aug 21/

Aug 20

Aug 21/

Jul 21

Jan-Aug 21/

Jan-Aug 20

Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages

102,80

108,31

6,4

5,4

-0,4

Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco

95,62

95,25

-0,1

-0,4

-0,9

Clothing and Footwear

89,81

90,40

-0,4

0,7

2,3

Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels

113,73

113,72

15,2

0,0

3,3

Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House

95,68

95,31

1,0

-0,4

0,1

Health

103,11

103,11

0,6

0,0

0,6

Transport

102,26

103,92

9,2

1,6

6,0

Communication

93,90

93,92

0,0

0,0

-2,0

Recreation and Culture

104,98

104,92

-0,9

-0,1

2,2

Education

105,53

105,53

0,2

0,0

0,1

Restaurants and Hotels

105,71

107,17

-1,0

1,4

-0,8

Miscellaneous Goods and Services

100,16

100,48

0,4

0,3

0,6

General Harmonized Consumer Price Index

102,40

103,86

3,3

1,4

1,2

 

Table 2

Economic Origin

Weights

Change (%)

Aug 21/Aug 20

Aug 21/Jul 21

General HICP

1000

3,3

1,4

Energy

84,01

26,0

0,7

Food-Alcoholic Beverages-Tobacco

236,04

4,7

3,8

Non energy industrial goods

219,83

0,8

0,1

Services

460,13

0,4

1,0

Note: The weights of the categories are calculated with infinite decimal figures and rounded up to two decimals when published. Figures do not add up to the total due to rounding.

Methodological notes

Definitions

The Harmonized Price Index (HICP) an economic indicator constructed to measure the changes of prices over time of consumer goods and services acquired, used or paid by households and tourists within the economic territory of the country. The HICP is calculated according to a harmonized approach and methodology laid down by a series of regulations of EU.

The Annual change shows the change of the HICP when compared with the index of the corresponding month of the previous year.

Products/Services

From January 2018 and onwards, the products included in the HICP have been revised. The revision was based on the results of the Household Budget Survey 2015/2016.

Collection

The price collection is carried out only in urban districts of Nicosia, Larnaca, Limassol and Paphos. For each city, the fluctuations in the product prices each month are weighted according to their population. Specifically, the weights for the four districts are: Nicosia 42%, Limassol 30%, Larnaca 18% and Paphos 10%.

The prices of 805 goods and services are recorded once every month, except for some seasonal products (e.g vegetables and fruits), meat and fuels, whose prices are collected every week (every Thursday). The collected prices are those actually paid by consumers for the purchase of specific goods and services, and they include various taxes, such as the Value Added Tax and excise duties. For the calculation of the Index end-of-season sales prices are taken into account as well as special offer prices which are available for the general public and have no restrictions.

Weights

The weight of the HICP goods and services are calculated based on consumption expenditure (of both households and tourists) incurred in the economic territory of the country. Up to 2011, the main source for the consumption expenditures was the Household Budget Survey, while from 2012 and onwards, data from the National Accounts are utilized satisfying relevant Eurostat’s Regulation (No 1114/2010).

Base year

The index reference period was 2005=100 for the period between January 2006 and December 2015. From January 2016 and onwards, the base year is 2015=100.

Classification                                                                                                                 

Until December 2015, COICOP 4 classification was used for the calculation and the dissemination of the HICP. From January 2016 and onwards, CYSTAT is adopting the ECOICOP classification satisfying relevant Eurostat’s Regulation. In other words, the lowest level of detail for the classification used in CPI is COICOP 5-digits.

With the publication of February 2019, CYSTAT is publishing HICP special aggregates (economic origin) compiled from more detailed input data.

Methodological change                                                                                             

Following Eurostat’s requirement for the HICP in order to be in line with Regulation No 330/2009, a different method for the compilation of the index of fresh fruits and vegetables has been applied starting with the index of January 2021. The HICP of August 2021 with the index of fruits and vegetables compiled with the previous method would be 103,86 units and the inflation 3,5%.

Further information:

Statistical Service (CYSTAT) Website, subtheme Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices

Contact:

Constandia Papageorgiou: Tel: +35722602116, Email: cpapageorgiou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

(NG/ECHR)