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27-02-2020 13:17

Labour Force Survey (LFS): 4th quarter 2019, unemployment 6,3%

According to the results of the Labour Force Survey, the labour force in the 4th quarter of 2019 amounted to 449.784 persons or 62,9% of the population (males 68,8%, females 57,6%) in comparison to 440.765 persons (62,5%) in the corresponding quarter of 2018 (Table 1).

The number of employed persons was 421.303 and the employment rate 59,0% (males 64,8%, females 53,5%) in comparison to 407.382 persons (57,8%) in the corresponding quarter of 2018.

The number of unemployed persons amounted to 28.481 and the unemployment rate to 6,3% of the labour force (males 5,8%, females 7,0%) in comparison to 33.383 persons (7,6%) in the corresponding quarter of 2018.

For the whole 2019 the unemployment rate was 7,1% in comparison to 8,4% in 2018.

Employment (Table 2)

For the age group 20-64, the employment rate was 76,0%. The rate for males was 81,7% and for females 70,7%. In the corresponding quarter of 2018 the rate was 74,5% (males 80,2%, females 69,3%). For the age group 55-64 the employment rate was 61,4% in comparison to 61,1% in the corresponding quarter of 2018. According to the distribution of employment by sector, the biggest percentage of employed persons was in Services (78,4%), followed by Manufacturing (18,9%) and Agriculture (2,7%). For the 4th quarter of 2018, the corresponding percentages were: Services 80,8%, Manufacturing 17,1% and Agriculture 2,1%. The share of part-time employment to total employment was 11,1% or 46.610 persons (males 7,3%, females 15,3%). The corresponding rate for the 4th quarter of 2018 was 11,2% (males 8,1%, females 14,6%). 86,5% or 364.233 of the total employed persons were employees, of which 14,1% (51.164 persons) had a temporary job. In the corresponding quarter of 2018 employees accounted for 86,7% of total employment of which 12,5% had a temporary job.

 

Unemployment (Table 3)

For young persons aged 15-24 years old, the unemployment rate was 16,0% of the labour force of the same age group (males 15,9%, females 16,0%) in comparison to 20,6% (males 25,7%, females 16,0%) in the corresponding quarter of last year. As far as the duration of unemployment is concerned, 50,4% of the total unemployed persons searched for a job for a period of less than 6 months, 19,2% for a period of 6-11 months, whereas a percentage of 30,4% were long-term unemployed. The corresponding rates for the 4th quarter of 2018 were 53,7%, 14,2% and 32,1%.

Table 1

 

 

 

 

Number

 

Percentage (%)

 4th Quarter2019

4th Quarter2018

 

4th Quarter2019

4th Quarter2018

Labour Force

 

 

 

 

 

Total

449.784

440.765

 

62,9

62,5

Males

236.296

232.022

 

68,8

68,5

Females

213.489

208.743

 

57,6

57,0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employment

 

 

 

 

 

Total

421.303

407.382

 

59,0

57,8

Males

222.707

214.604

 

64,8

63,3

Females

198.596

192.778

 

53,5

52,7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unemployment

 

 

 

 

 

Total

28.481

33.383

 

6,3

7,6

Males

13.589

17.418

 

5,8

7,5

Females

14.893

15.965

 

7,0

7,6

 

 

Table 2

 

Employment

Number

 

Percentage (%)

 

4th Quarter                  2019

4th Quarter                  2018

 

4th Quarter  2019

4th Quarter 2018

 

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

 

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

 

Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15+

421.303

222.707

198.596

407.382

214.604

192.778

 

59,0

64,8

53,5

57,8

63,3

52,7

 

20–64

405.335

211.263

194.071

392.370

203.698

188.672

 

76,0

81,7

70,7

74,5

80,2

69,3

 

55–64

64.283

37.384

26.899

62.346

35.097

27.249

 

61,4

72,9

50,4

61,1

70,4

52,1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agriculture

11.516

8.369

3.147

8.619

6.267

2.352

 

2,7

3,8

1,6

2,1

2,9

1,2

 

Industry

79.370

64.924

14.446

69.810

56.711

13.100

 

18,9

29,1

7,3

17,1

26,4

6,8

 

Services

330.417

149.415

181.003

328.953

151.628

177.328

 

78,4

67,1

91,1

80,8

70,7

92,0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Full-time

374.693

206.553

168.140

361.739

197.144

164.595

 

88,9

92,7

84,7

88,8

91,9

85,4

 

Part-time

46.610

16.154

30.456

45.644

17.460

28.183

 

11,1

7,3

15,3

11,2

8,1

14,6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prof. Status

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self-employed

57.070

35.755

21.315

54.381

34.893

19.488

 

13,5

16,1

10,7

13,3

16,3

10,1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

364.233

186.952

177.281

353.001

179.711

173.290

 

86,5

83,9

89,3

86,7

83,7

89,9

 

Permanent

313.069

169.422

143.647

309.057

163.360

145.697

 

85,9

90,6

81,0

87,5

90,9

84,1

 

Temporary

51.164

17.530

33.634

43.944

16.351

27.593

 

14,1

9,4

19,0

12,5

9,1

15,9

 

 

 

 

Table 3

Unemployment

Number

 

Percentage (%)

4th Quarter                  2019

4th Quarter                  2018

 

4th Quarter                  2019

 4th Quarter                  2018

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

 

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Tot.

Male

Fem.

Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15+

28.481

13.589

14.893

33.383

17.418

15.965

 

6,3

5,8

7,0

7,6

7,5

7,6

15–24

5.903

2.761

3.141

8.057

4.789

3.269

 

16,0

15,9

16,0

20,6

25,7

16,0

25–64

22.578

10.828

11.752

25.080

12.442

12.638

 

5,6

5,2

6,2

6,4

6,1

6,8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Duration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

< 6 μήνες

14.354

7.090

7.264

17.920

9.760

8.159

 

50,4

52,2

48,8

53,7

56,0

51,1

6–11 μήνες

5.461

2.379

3.081

4.752

2.446

2.306

 

19,2

17,5

20,7

14,2

14,1

14,4

12+ μήνες

8.666

4.119

4.547

10.711

5.211

5.500

 

30,4

30,3

30,5

32,1

29,9

34,5

 

Note: Figures may not add up to totals due to rounding error.

 

Methodological information

 

Survey Identity

The Labour Force survey (LFS) is conducted in all European Union Member States in accordance with Council Regulation 577/98 of the European Union every quarter. The aim of the survey is the collection of data which are useful in the formulation of policy on labour matters (employment, unemployment) and for pursuing and evaluating of the programs that are applied both by the Government and by the European Union.

 

Coverage and collection of data

The LFS covers a sample of 3.800 households in all districts of Cyprus, which are allocated according to the number of households that reside in urban and rural areas. For comparability of the results, in all Member States, the survey covers the population of private households only. It does not cover persons residing in collective households (i.e. institutions, homes for the aged, hospitals, monasteries etc.), conscripts on compulsory military service, students who study abroad and Cypriots who work abroad. 

The collection of data from the Statistical Service is done with personal interviews and the use of portable computers as well as with telephone interviews.

 

Definitions

Labour Force / Economically Active Population – The total number of the employed and unemployed persons aged 15 years and over.

Employed  - Persons aged 15 years and over who during the reference week worked for at least one hour, as well as persons who had a job but were temporarily absent from work.

Unemployed – Persons aged 15 years and over who comply to the following standards:

-Neither worked nor had a job from which they were temporarily absent during the reference week

-They had actively sought for work, i.e. had taken specific steps during the previous 4 weeks to find work

-They were available to start work within the 2 weeks following the reference week

And or,

-Persons who neither worked nor had a job from which they were temporarily absent, but found a job which will start within a period of at most 3 months

-They were available to start work within the 2 weeks following the reference week

 

Long-term unemployed – Persons aged 15 years and over who searched for work for a period of 12 months or more.

Inactive – Persons aged 15 years and over who are neither employed nor unemployed.

Labour Force participation rate – The number of persons in the Labour Force for any group expressed as a percentage of the total population in the same group.

Employment rate - The number of employed persons for any group expressed as a percentage of the total population in the same group.

Unemployment rate – The number of unemployed persons of any group expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the same group. 

Further information:

Statistical Service (CYSTAT) Website, subthemes Employment and Unemployment

Infographic Employment, Unemployment

 

Christophoros Michaelides: Τel: +35722602154, Email:  cmichaelides@cystat.mof.gov.cy

Eleni Christodoulidou: Tel: +35722602142, Email:  echristodoulidou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

 

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