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18-11-2020 13:56

Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP): October 2020

Annual Rate of Change-1,4%

In October 2020 the Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices decreased by 1,4% compared to the index of October 2019 while, when compared to the index of September 2020, the HICP increased by 0,2%. For the period January - October 2020 the HICP recorded a decrease of 1,1% compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. (Table 1)

 

Note: The HICP in Euro area for the last month is based on EUROSTAT’s estimation (flash estimate).

Compared to October 2019, the categories Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels and Transport had the largest changes with percentages of -7,4% and -5% respectively. (Table 1)

Compared to September 2020, the largest changes were recorded in Clothing and Footwear (5,1%) and Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels and Transport(3,4%). (Table 1)

For the period January - October 2020, compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, the largest changes were noted in Transport (-4,9%) andHousing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels (-3,4%). (Table 1)

As regards the economic origin, the largest change when compared both to the index of October 2019 and to the index of the previous month was observed in Energy with percentages of -13,4% and 3,1% respectively. (Table 2)

 

Table 1

Categories of Goods and Services

HICP(2015=100)

Change (%)

September

2020

October

2020

Oct 20/

Oct 19

Oct 20/

Sep 20

Jan-Oct 20/

Jan-Oct 19

Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages

103,89

103,12

2,9

-0,7

1,2

Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco

96,27

96,68

-0,5

0,4

-0,6

Clothing and Footwear

98,06

103,02

0,5

5,1

-0,8

Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels

98,47

101,84

-7,4

3,4

-3,4

Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House

94,95

94,40

-1,3

-0,6

-0,5

Health

102,47

102,42

0,5

0,0

0,5

Transport

89,96

91,42

-5,0

1,6

-4,9

Communication

93,95

93,94

-0,8

0,0

0,5

Recreation and Culture

103,73

103,69

2,3

0,0

1,9

Education

105,54

105,53

0,0

0,0

1,3

Restaurants and Hotels

104,40

101,90

-3,4

-2,4

-2,2

Miscellaneous Goods and Services

100,38

100,52

-0,2

0,1

-0,1

General Harmonised Consumer Price Index

99,70

99,87

-1,4

0,2

-1,1

 

 

Table 2

 

Economic Origin

Weights

Change (%)

 

Oct 20/

Oct 19

Oct 20/

Sep 20

 

General HICP

1000

-1,4

0,2

 

Energy

84,01

-13,4

3,1

 

Food-Alcoholic Beverages-Tobacco

236,04

2,0

-0,4

 

Non energy industrial goods

219,83

-0,2

1,2

 

Services

460,13

-1,6

-0,4

Note: The weights of the categories are calculated with infinite decimal figures and rounded up to two decimals when published. Figures do not add up to the total due to rounding.

 

           
 

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

Definitions

The Harmonized Price Index (HICP) an economic indicator constructed to measure the changes of prices over time of consumer goods and services acquired, used or paid by households and tourists within the economic territory of the country. The HICP is calculated according to a harmonized approach and methodology laid down by a series of regulations of EU.

The Annual change shows the change of the HICP when compared with the index of the corresponding month of the previous year.

Products/Services

From January 2018 and onwards, the products included in the HICP have been revised. The revision was based on the results of the Household Budget Survey 2015/2016.

Collection

The price collection is carried out only in urban districts of Nicosia, Larnaca, Limassol and Paphos. For each city, the fluctuations in the product prices each month are weighted according to their population. Specifically, the weights for the four districts are: Nicosia 42%, Limassol 30%, Larnaca 18% and Paphos 10%.

The prices of 805 goods and services are recorded once every month, except for some seasonal products (e.g. vegetables and fruits), meat and fuels, whose prices are collected every week (every Thursday). The collected prices are those actually paid by consumers for the purchase of specific goods and services, and they include various taxes, such as the Value Added Tax and excise duties. For the calculation of the Index end-of-season sales prices are taken into account as well as special offer prices which are available for the general public and have no restrictions.

Weights

The weight of the HICP goods and services are calculated based on consumption expenditure (of both households and tourists) incurred in the economic territory of the country. Up to 2011, the main source for the consumption expenditures was the Household Budget Survey, while from 2012 and onwards, data from the National Accounts are utilized satisfying relevant Eurostat’s Regulation (No 1114/2010).

Base year

The index reference period was 2005=100 for the period between January 2006 and December 2015. From January 2016 and onwards, the base year is 2015=100

Classification                                                                                                                 

Until December 2015, COICOP 4 classification was used for the calculation and the dissemination of the HICP. From January 2016 and onwards, CYSTAT is adopting the ECOICOP classification satisfying relevant Eurostat’s Regulation. In other words, the lowest level of detail for the classification used in CPI is COICOP 5-digits.

With the publication of February 2019, CYSTAT is publishing HICP special aggregates (economic origin) compiled from more detailed input data.

Exceptional Methodological Adjustment

The implementation of precautionary measures and relevant decrees to address the negative consequences of COVID-19 disease had a direct impact on the price collection process of certain goods/services for the month of October 2020. As the problems anticipated were common to all member states of the European Union they were tackled by applying the same methodologies under the supervision and guidance of the European Statistical Office (Eurostat).

Seasonal Products/Services

The missing airfares were estimated by carrying forward previous’ month prices adjusted with the seasonal factor recorded last year. The missing prices for hotel accommodation were estimated in order to preserve their seasonal pattern.

Weights

The weights of goods and services in the HICP basket have not been adjusted.

Further information:

Statistical Service (CYSTAT) Website, subtheme Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices

Contact

Constandia Papageorgiou: Tel.: +35722602116, Email: cpapageorgiou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

Andri Eftychiou: Τel.: +35725878595, Email: aeftychiou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

(MG/SCH)