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29-06-2021 14:31

Average monthly earnings of employees: 1st quarter 2021 (Annual Change -3,3%)

Based on provisional data, the average gross monthly earnings of employees during the first quarter of 2021, amounted to €1.880 compared to €1.945 during the first quarter of 2020, i.e. a decrease of 3,3% is observed.

The average gross monthly earnings during the first quarter of 2021, seasonally adjusted, are estimated at €1.961 and compared to the fourth quarter of 2020 they are decreased by 1,7%.

It is clarified that the amount taken into account is the earnings paid by the employer and does not include any amount paid as an allowance by the Ministry of Labour, Welfare and Social Insurance.

 

 

Note: From the 1st quarter of 2020 onwards, data are provisional.


The average gross monthly earnings of male employees during the first quarter of 2021 are estimated at €2.029 and of female employees at €1.702. Compared to the first quarter of 2020, the average gross monthly earnings of male employees recorded a decrease of 2,5% and of female employees a decrease of 4,3%.

 

Table

 

Gender

Average monthly earnings (€)

Percentage Change (%)

Unadjusted

Seasonally adjusted

To the same quarter of the previous year (unadjusted earnings)

To the previous quarter

(seasonally adjusted earnings)

Total

 

 

 

 

1st Quarter 2021

1.880

1.961

-3,3

-1,7

4th Quarter 2020

2.264

1.995

0,3

-1,0

1st Quarter 2020

1.945

2.017

2,6

1,1

 

 

 

 

 

Males

 

 

 

 

1st Quarter 2021

2.029

2.117

-2,5

-1,0

4th Quarter 2020

2.413

2.138

0,6

-0,4

1st Quarter 2020

2.081

2.155

2,3

0,9

 

 

 

 

 

Females

 

 

 

 

1st Quarter 2021

1.702

1.774

-4,3

-2,7

4th Quarter 2020

2.085

1.823

-0,2

-1,6

1st Quarter 2020

1.779

1.847

3,0

1,3

           

Due to the rounding of earnings, the calculation of the change may differ from the percentage change presented in the table.

METHODOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Definitions

Average monthly earnings of employees include the basic salary, the cost of living allowance, earnings for overtime, the Holiday Fund, any other allowances received by employees during the reference period and payments in arrears. The average is calculated by dividing the total gross earnings before any deductions for compulsory social security contributions, by the total number of employees who received remuneration.

The temporary contributions of employees of the private sector (2012-2016) and officials and employees of the central government and the broad public sector (1/9/2011-31/12/2016) and the deductions in earnings of officials and employees of the central government and the broad public sector (since 01/12/2012), do not affect the gross salary of employees but only their net income. Consequently, they are not reflected in the figures above.

Seasonally adjusted average monthly earnings are the average monthly earnings of employees, after removing the seasonal effect from the data. The removal of the seasonal component from the data is performed, using appropriate statistical techniques. Seasonally adjusted data are used in the comparison of data of a specific time period, with other periods, such as the previous quarter, where the seasonal factor affects the data.

The Percentage Change - Compared to the same quarter of the previous year is the percentage change of average monthly earnings, comparing data of a specific quarter, with the corresponding quarter of the previous year. The comparison is made between corresponding time periods of different years. Therefore, there is no need to use the seasonally adjusted data, since the seasonal component is the same for the two periods.

The Percentage Change - Compared to the previous quarter (Seasonally adjusted earnings) is the percentage change of average monthly earnings, comparing data of a specific quarter, with the previous quarter. Due to the fact that the seasonal component is different between two consecutive quarters, it is necessary to use seasonally adjusted data for this comparison.


Coverage of data

Coverage of employees

The data used for the calculation of the average monthly earnings, include data for all employees for whom social security contributions have been paid by the employer.

Exceptions to coverage:

  • Persons employed in private households (domestic assistants) are excluded from the data.
  • Persons with remuneration indicating that no regular work has been performed during the reference period are excluded from the data (e.g. persons who received arrear payments only, persons who worked for a limited number of hours, etc.). The minimum amount of earnings acceptable in order to be included in the data is revised every year, based on the average level of the minimum wage according to the Minimum Wage Order.


Exceptional methodological adjustment

  • Included in the calculations are, regardless of the amount of their earnings, those who received an allowance under the Employees’ Support Schemes to deal with the pandemic of the Ministry of Labour, Welfare and Social Insurance, from April 2020 onwards.

Economic Activities Coverage

Data cover all sectors of the Economy of Cyprus, excluding the activities of private households.


Collection of data

The data source is the records of the Social Insurance Services. The results are published on a quarterly basis. The calculation of the average monthly earnings of the reference quarter is based on the first two months of the quarter.


For more information:

Statistical Service (CYSTAT) Website, subtheme Labour Cost and Earnings


Contact

Phani Lagou: Tel:+35722602115, Email: plagou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

Eleni Christodoulidou: Tel:+35722602142, Email: echristodoulidou@cystat.mof.gov.cy

(MV/SCH)